Exile Case

Here you will find information about an individual exile case and links which enable you to view exile locations on a map as well as visualise the relationships between people and groups using a network diagram.
Person/Group Eustathius of Antioch (age of Constantine) ( view the social network for this person / group )
Exile Date 326 - c. 337? (from: --/--/326 to: --/--/337)
Exile Date Notes See H. Chadwick, 'The fall of Eustathius of Antioch', Journal of Theological Studies 49 (1948) 27-35 and R.P.C Hanson, 'The Fate of Eustathius of Antioch', Zeitschrift fuer Kirchengeschichte 96 (1984) 171-179 for dates. Both date Eustathius' deposition and exile early, in 326 (Chadwick) and 328/9 (Hanson) respectively.
Sources Athanasius, historia Arianorum 4.1, 5.2; Athanasius, de fuga 3.3; Socrates, historia ecclesiastica 1.24.2; Sozomenus, historia ecclesiastica 2.19.1; Eusebius, vita Constantini 3.59 (SC); Hieronymus, de viris illustribus 85 (Herding 52); Philostorgius, historia ecclesiastica 2.7; Theodoret, historia ecclesiastica 1.22 (SC 501:286); Theophanes, AM 5818 (de Boor 28); Theodorus (Anagnostes) Lector, epitome historiae ecclesiasticae, 435

Locations view exile locations

Location of exile's previous office Antiochia/Theoupolis [Antakya]
Location exiled from Antiochia/Theoupolis [Antakya]
Location exiled to Traianoupolis [Alexandroupoli (Thrace)]
Location(s) arrived at Traianoupolis [Alexandroupoli (Thrace)]
Date of arrival 326 (from: --/--/326 to: --/--/--)
Relationship to location alien place
Type of location city
Reason for leaving n/a
Location(s) exile returned to
Location of office after return
Notes Philostorgius: into the western parts of the empire

Activities in Exile

Activities Related to Doctrine
Died in exile? yes
Reason for death unknown
Writings in Exile unknown

Legal details

Threat only no
Refuge from judicial proceedings no
Consequence of asylum no
Offenses exiled for/accused of Opposition against Arianism, Adultery, Insult against Helena, Sabellianism
Legal type of exile exilium
Additional punishments
Intended duration permanent
Actual duration permanent
Returned? no
Reason for return
Deposed by synod? yes
Synod deposed by Synod of Antioch 326-329 (from: --/--/326 to: --/--/329)
Returned by synod? n/a
Synod returned by

Religious status, office and affiliation

Religious status before exile clerical
Religious status during exile ??
Religious status after return n/a
Clerical or ascetic office before exile bishop
Clerical or ascetic office during exile
Clerical or ascetic office after return n/a
Enforced rank change? n/a
Religious affiliation before exile
Religious affiliation during exile
Religious affiliation after return
Died in exile? yes
Reason for death unknown

Cult

Venerated as a saint? confessor
Date Date: Unknown
Cult site
Relics
martyrium of Eustathius in Antioch Theodorus Lector, historia ecclesiastica II.1 Victor of Tunnuna, chronica, ad annum 490.2 Theophanes, AM 5981 Locations: Antiochia/Theoupolis [Antakya]Antiochia/Theoupolis [Antakya] Date: 488/9 (from: --/--/488 to: --/--/489)

Exile Relationships: Interactions

    many presbyters and deacons in Antioch

  • Interaction Date 326-337? (from: --/--/326 to: --/--/--)
    Interaction Location Traianoupolis [Alexandroupoli (Thrace)]
    Office presbyter
    Religious Affiliation (at time of relationship with exile)
    Religious Status (at time of relationship with exile) lay
    Relationship Quality support
    Notes
    Companion
    Yes
  • Woman in Antioch

  • Interaction Date 326-329 (from: --/--/326 to: --/--/329)
    Interaction Location
    Office
    Religious Affiliation (at time of relationship with exile)
    Religious Status (at time of relationship with exile) lay
    Relationship Quality conflict
    Notes She was bribed into testyfing at the synod that Eusthatius was the father of her child
    Other Interaction Type
    Yes (witness against Eustathius)
  • Eulalius of Antioch

  • Interaction Date 326-329 (from: --/--/326 to: --/--/329)
    Interaction Location
    Office
    Religious Affiliation (at time of relationship with exile) Arian
    Religious Status (at time of relationship with exile) unknown
    Relationship Quality conflict?
    Notes
    Successor in post
    Yes
  • Eusebius of Nicomedia

  • Interaction Date 326-329 (from: --/--/326 to: --/--/329)
    Interaction Location Antiochia/Theoupolis [Antakya]
    Office Bishop
    Religious Affiliation (at time of relationship with exile)
    Religious Status (at time of relationship with exile) cleric
    Relationship Quality conflict
    Notes
    Responsible for exile (or exile threat)
    Yes
  • Cyrus of Beroea

  • Interaction Date 326-329 (from: --/--/326 to: --/--/329)
    Interaction Location
    Office Bishop
    Religious Affiliation (at time of relationship with exile)
    Religious Status (at time of relationship with exile) cleric
    Relationship Quality conflict
    Notes
    Responsible for exile (or exile threat)
    Yes
  • Flavius Valerius Constantinus

  • Interaction Date 326-329 (from: --/--/326 to: --/--/329)
    Interaction Location
    Office Emperor
    Religious Affiliation (at time of relationship with exile)
    Religious Status (at time of relationship with exile) lay
    Relationship Quality conflict
    Notes
    Responsible for exile (or exile threat)
    Yes
  • Flavia Iulia Helena

  • Interaction Date 326-329 (from: --/--/326 to: --/--/329)
    Interaction Location
    Office Empress
    Religious Affiliation (at time of relationship with exile)
    Religious Status (at time of relationship with exile) lay
    Relationship Quality conflict
    Notes reason for exile, among others
    Other Interaction Type
    Yes (insult)
  • Calandion of Antioch

  • Interaction Date 488/9 (from: --/--/488 to: --/--/490)
    Interaction Location Antiochia/Theoupolis [Antakya]
    Office Bishop
    Religious Affiliation (at time of relationship with exile)
    Religious Status (at time of relationship with exile) lay
    Relationship Quality support
    Notes Theodore Lector, ep. 435 (Hansen p. 121) reports that Calandion brought back Eustathius' relics from Philippi in Macedonia. This may refer to either Eustathius exiled under Constantine (c. 326-329) or Eustathius exiled by Valens (c. 374), although there also may be confusion between these two. Theodore claims that Eustathius' relics were brought back one-hundred years after his death, which points to the later Eustathius, but, given the importance the Eustathius from the time of Constantine had for the church of Antioch may be a further confusion.
    Responsible Relic
    Yes

Other Relationships: Contacts of an exiled Person/Group's contacts'

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